Maternity benefits

Maternity benefits in Croatia are regulated by the Act on Maternity and Parental Benefits (Official Gazette nos. 85/08, 110/08, 34/11, 54/13, 152/14, 59/17 and 37/20).

The right to maternity and parental benefits can only be realised if you have compulsory health insurance regulated by the Croatian Health Insurance Fund (HZZO) and if you meet other prescribed conditions.

Benefits are provided to the mother and the father of the child, adoptive parent, guardian, foster parent or other physical person to whom guardianship and upbringing of a minor child is entrusted by the decision of the competent authority.

 

MORE – Maternity and parental benefits | HZZO

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Beneficiaries of the right to maternity and parental benefits are divided into three categories, depending on the legal (labour) status:

Employed and self-employed beneficiary is the child’s parent who:

  1. on the basis of employment according to labour regulations has the recognized status of an insuree from compulsory health and pension insurance, which includes:
  • persons employed by a domestic or foreign employer with a registered office in the Republic of Croatia
  • persons with residence or approved permanent residence in the Republic of Croatia employed abroad by a foreign employer who do not have health insurance of a foreign health insurance carrier, or who are not compulsorily insured according to foreign regulations in the manner specified by an international social insurance contract
  1. on the basis of self-employment has a recognized status of an insuree from the compulsory health and pension insurance, which includes:
  • persons who perform the economic activity of crafts in the territory of the Republic of Croatia or activities equal to crafts
  • persons who independently perform professional activity in the form of a free profession, and
  • persons who in the Republic of Croatia perform the activity of agriculture and forestry as their only or main occupation, if they are liable for income tax or profit tax, and are not insured on the basis of work
  • officials of a religious community, which is entered in the register of religious communities kept by the competent state body, if they are not insured on the basis of work

An employed parent is also considered a parent who:

  • is elected or appointed to a permanent position in state authorities or bodies of local and regional self-government units, if he/she receives a salary for that work and if on that basis he/she has a recognized status of an insuree from compulsory health and pension insurance
  • is a member of the company’s management board, if on that basis he/she has a recognized status of an insuree from the compulsory health and pension insurance
  • concluded a contract on professional training in accordance with labour regulations, without establishing an employment relationship and who, on that basis, has a recognized status of an insuree from compulsory health and pension insurance
  • parent carer, who on that basis, has the recognized status of an insuree from the compulsory health and pension insurance, and
  • a person who provides care and assistance to a disabled Croatian veteran from the Homeland War, and on that basis has the recognized status of an insuree from compulsory health and pension insurance.

 

Unemployed parents, farmers who are not liable for income tax and profit tax, parents earning other income and

Parents outside the labour system – pension beneficiaries, beneficiaries of the right to professional rehabilitation, beneficiaries of the right to disability pension due to incapacity for work, work incapacitated persons, full-time pupils, full-time students… and all other with HZZO insurees who cannot exercise the rights as employed or self-employed parents, on the basis of other income, as an unemployed parent, farmer, etc.).

Employed beneficiaries are persons who have a recognised status of an insuree in the compulsory health care and pension insurance on the basis of their employment according to labour regulations.

Self-employed beneficiaries are persons who have a recognised status of an insuree in the compulsory health care and pension insurance on the basis of their self-employment.

Yes. The right to maternity and parental benefits may also be exercised by foreigners who, according to regulations on asylum, have obtained the status of asylum holders or persons under subsidiary protection. Appropriate provisions of the Act on Maternity and Parental Benefits shall be applied to such persons, according to their legal (labour) status, without the application of the terms regarding nationality and the length of their temporary or permanent residence in the territory of the Republic of Croatia.

The right to maternity leave is realised based on the Report on temporary disability/incapacity for work issued by an elected gynaecologist, in which the expected term of birth is indicated.

For other rights, it is necessary to submit an application to the regional service or branch office of the Croatian Health Insurance Fund.

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