CHILD ALLOWANCE

Child allowance is a cash provision used by a parent or another person defined in the Child Allowance Act (Official Gazette nos. 94/01, 138/06, 107/07, 37/08, 61/11, 112/12, 82/15, 58/18) as the support in upbringing and care of children.

The Croatian Pension Insurance Institute (HZMO) handles the right to child allowance, while the Ministry of Demography, Family, Youth and Social Policy oversees the implementation of the Act.

The right to the child allowance may be granted to a parent, foster parent, guardian, stepparent, grandparent and a person to whom a child is entrusted for custody and care on the basis of the decision of a body competent for social welfare affairs. The child allowance may be granted to a parentless young adult child in regular schooling.

The child allowance is granted for children born in or out of wedlock and for adopted children or step-children, as well as for supported grandchildren and other children without parents.

The child allowance is granted up to the beneficiary’s 15th years of age, that is, up to the end of the school year in which the child turns 15 years of age. The child allowance is granted to the child in regular secondary education up to the end of that education and no longer than the end of the school year in which the child turns 19 years of age.

Exceptionally, the child allowance may be realised after that age for a child with a health disorder, up to the completion of the regular secondary education even after 19 years of age, but not longer than 21 years of age.

The entitlement to allowance for children who have not completed the school within the prescribed time period due to illness is prolonged, but not longer than up to 21 years of age.

Children with severe disability

A child with severe disability, determined according to special regulations, is entitled to child allowance from the date of filing an application for entitlement to allowance, and this entitlement continues as long as such disability exists.

The right to an allowance for a child with a severe disability shall be granted provided that the disability occurred before the age of 18 or during the regular schooling of a child.

Beneficiaries who realised the right to child allowance for children with severe health disorder determined by special regulations until 1 September 2015, and whose right has not ended until the date of entry into force of the Act, are entitled to child allowance after the child reaches 27 years of age, for as long as severe health disorder exists.

Beneficiaries whose entitlement to allowance for children with severe health impairments determined by special regulations ceased before the entry into the force of the Act due to completed 27 years of age, are entitled to allowance for children from the date of filing the application under this Act (not before 1 September 2015), for as long as severe health disorder exists.

Child’s health impairment and/or severe disability, based on which the allowance is realised under more favourable conditions, is determined by the finding and the opinion of the Institute for Expertise, Occupational Rehabilitation and Employment of Persons with Disabilities.

The child expert assessment procedure is initiated by the regional office / branch office of the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute by official means if the application for entitlement to rights states that the child for whom the allowance is sought has health impairment.

The Child Allowance Act defines the following conditions for the acquirement of the right to child allowance:

  1. The applicant must have Croatian citizenship or the status of foreigner with approved permanent residence, and must reside in the Republic of Croatia for at least 3 years prior to submission of the application,
  2. The applicant must have the status of asylum holder under subsidiary protection or the status of a member of an asylum holder’s family in accordance with the rules on asylum, without conditions regarding the nationality and length of residence or permanent residence in the territory of the Republic of Croatia,
  3. The total income realized in the previous calendar year per household member does not exceed 50% of the budget base per month,
  4. The applicant must live in the same household with the child.

More info

The right to a child allowance may be realized if the average monthly income per household member in the previous calendar year does not exceed 50% of the budget base, i.e. if the average income per household member in the previous calendar year does not exceed HRK 1,663.00 per month.

Based on the average income per household member, we differentiate between three census groups on which the amount of child allowance depends.

If the total income per household member does not exceed HRK 543.14 per month, the child allowance amounts to HRK 299.34.

If the total income per household member exceeds HRK 534.14 per month but does not exceed HRK 1,119.53, the child allowance amounts to HRK 249.45.

If the total income per household member exceeds HRK 1,119.53 per month but does not exceed HRK 1,663.00, the child allowance amounts to HRK 199.56.

For a child without both parents, the amount of child allowance determined according to the specified census is increased by 25% (HRK 374.18, HRK 311.81 or HRK 249.45). For a child without one parent, the amount of child allowance determined according to the specified census is increased by 15% (HRK 344.24, HRK 286.87 or HRK 229.49).

For a child with severe disability, the child allowance is determined in the amount of 25% of budget base, regardless of the total income per household member (HRK 831.50).

Child allowance beneficiaries, in addition to the determined amount of child allowance, also have the right to a supplement in the amount of HRK 500,00 for the third and fourth child.

More info

 

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Questions and answers

The Croatian Pension Insurance Institute (HZMO) is the competent institution for proceedings concerning the exercise of the right to child allowance.

The application for child allowance is submitted in person or by mail to the competent regional office or branch office and local office of the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute according to the applicant’s place of residence, and may be filed orally on the record. Applications can be submitted free of charge in post offices in the Brodsko-Posavska, Dubrovačko-Neretvanska, Ličko-Senjska, Osječko-baranjska, Požeško-slavonska, Splitsko-dalmatinska, Šibensko-kninska, Virovitičko-podravska, Vukovarsko-srijemska and Zadarska County (list of post offices).

The application form is available on the website of the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute and can be downloaded via the link: Form 1.7. or can be purchased in “Narodne novine” stores.

An application for entitlement to a child allowance must be accompanied by a personal identity card of the applicant and the members of the household, and a proof of the birth of the child for whom an allowance is requested.

The Croatian Pension Insurance Institute, the Regional Office in Zagreb, the Department for Implementation of EU Regulations and International Agreements on Social Insurance II, A. Mihanovića 3, 10000 Zagreb, are responsible for deciding on the right to child allowance by applying the European Union’s legal regulations.

The right to a child allowance in the Republic of Croatia may be obtained by persons who have Croatian citizenship or status of foreigner with an approved permanent residence and have residency in the Republic of Croatia for at least three (3) years prior to the submission of the application.

Additional conditions to obtain the right are that the total income realized in the previous calendar year per household member does not exceed 50% of the budget base, that the applicant lives in the same household with the child and that the applicant supports the child.

More info

One of the conditions for the realisation of the right to a child allowance in Croatia is that the total income realized in the previous calendar year per household member does not exceed 50% of the budget base per month.

The budget base is determined each year by the Act on the Execution of the State Budget of the Republic of Croatia.

The budget base for 2018 amounts to HRK 3,366.00 (same as in the previous year).

Income census (50% of the budget base) amounts to HRK 1,663.00.

Exceptionally, children with severe disability realise the right to child allowance independently of the income census, i.e. regardless of the amount of income earned by the household of the beneficiary.

Child allowance in Croatia may, depending on census groups prescribed by the Child Allowance Act, amount from HRK 199.56 to HRK 831.50 per child.

Child allowance beneficiaries, in addition to the determined amount of child allowance, also have the right to a supplement in the amount of HRK 500,00 for the third and fourth child. This means that, in addition to a certain amount of child allowance determined by the decision, the beneficiary also realizes HRK 500.00 if he/she obtains an allowance for three children, or HRK 1,000.00 per month if he/she obtains an allowance for four and more children.

More info

Yes, in determining whether the applicant fulfils the requirement of income census prescribed by the Croatian Child Allowance Act, income from the year preceding the year of application is taken into account regardless of whether such income is realized in Croatia or abroad. The same applies to the members of the applicant’s household.

The Croatian Pension Insurance Institute obtains the evidence on the income realized in Croatia by the Tax Administration of the Republic of Croatia. The applicant provides information that is not available to the Tax Administration.

The applicant is obliged to submit a certificate of salary, retirement or other taxable income abroad for himself and other members of the household. The above information should be provided in the net amount.

European Union regulations on the coordination of the social security system protect individuals who exercise the right to freedom of movement within the European Union. The EU Regulations contain rules governing the issue of family benefits. These regulations determine which state will be primarily, and which will be secondarily responsible for the payment of family benefits when the right to family benefits exists in several Member States.

The regulations are the instrument of coordination of various national systems within the European Union and each country prescribes the conditions for exercising the right in accordance with its own national law. For the purpose of deciding on the right to child allowance by applying European Union legal regulations, the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute, the Regional Office in Zagreb, the Department for Implementation of EU Regulations and International Agreements on Social Insurance II, A.  Mihanovića 3, 10000 Zagreb, is competent.

After you apply for a child allowance for the first time and obtain the right, if you want to continue receiving a child allowance, you will need to apply again in the following year. The application for continuation of the right should be submitted in January or February of the following year.

If you disagree with the decision of the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute, you can appeal to the Central Service of the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute within 15 days from the date of receipt of the decision. Appeals are submitted or sent by post office to the Regional Service which made the decision, and may be declared verbally to the record, exempt from fees.

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