In addition to the right to health care, one of the rights from the compulsory health insurance is also the right to salary compensation based on temporary incapacity/disability to work.
If you are, for example, an employee employed by an employer based in another EU/EEA Member State/Switzerland sent to temporary work in Croatia, then temporary incapacity for work (sick leave) can be identified by the contracting primary health care practitioner in Croatia without your return to your home country for this purpose.
The same practitioner may also initiate your sick leave in case you work in another Member State and get sick during your private stay in Croatia.
If you are insured in Croatia and you get sick during your stay in another Member State, your sick leave can be initiated by a foreign practitioner who will issue the certificate on temporary incapacity for work, as prescribed in that particular state. You are obliged to notify your employer in Croatia and the Croatian Health Insurance Fund (HZZO) about the initiated sick leave, within the time limits prescribed by the Croatian legislation, and you are entitled to a salary compensation in accordance with Croatian regulations.